Google Scholar

How Google Scholar Works

The world of Google is enriched with a really interesting new service! Have you ever heard of Google Scholar? This is a service that Google makes available and is used to perform searches.

What does Google Scholar do?

Google Scholar, in fact, will offer you common materials that you can never easily find on any other search engine but offers you a wide range of:

  • Academic books
  • Scientific texts
  • University materials
  • Certified and unpublished writings
  • Proceedings of conferences
  • Articles
  • Materials for dissertation dissertations

 What is Google Scholar?

Google Scholar is a powerful search engine and we have said this: you can do your research, perhaps to write a brilliant thesis, “working” on advanced sources such as:

  • University
  • School sites
  • Academic databases

In this way it will be easy and intuitive to focus on the best performing academic and scientific sources for the construction of our research or our degree thesis. We can easily identify, for example:

Physical and digital copies of academic theses, great for your thesis! No stake! The material can be easily consulted online and it is sufficient to click on a link to view it.

The quality of your thesis is assured because Google Scholar assures you specific sources that you will hardly find on a standard search engine.

  • Reviews
  • PhD thesis
  • Scientific articles
  • Press articles
  • Legal judgments
  • Technical and scientific manuals
  • Books on Google Books


By doing so you will avoid, further qualifying your degree thesis, the use of common and easily traceable texts online: it is a great opportunity, you will be able to use unpublished and little used texts precisely because we are talking about a sectorial search engine able to satisfy the more demanding.

How to use Google Scholar!

If you are practical in using Google you will find yourself a wonder also because the interface is intuitive and similar to the “classic Google” you have always used. A few steps and that’s it:

  • Type the topic you are interested in in the search bar
  • Collect the elements of the search between the quotes “” so you will focus the search on the term typed
  • You can also limit your searches to only Italian sources or you can expand everything to other languages

Remember: it is very important to work using “keywords” and “advanced search”

  • Click on “advanced search” and enter what you need

The results of searches on Google Scholar show useful information to get an idea of ​​the results: you can find what you need by using the various options:

  • With all the words
  • With an exact phrase
  • With at least one of the words
  • Without the words

 And, for a more detailed search, where are the words:

  • Everywhere in the article
  • In the title of the article


But now let’s get to the heart and write a keyword to activate the search engine: eg. Communication

The first thing you will notice is that Scholar is not that different from the classic Google: even at the operating level the same procedure is used and it is easy to find the direction with the “keyword”.

Let’s focus now on what differs:

On the left you will have numerous filters that serve to refine your search

  • Age of contents
  • Relevance or date according to the established criteria of the contents
  • The language (Italian or any)
  • Include patents or citations

Good! We also add that you can also create a convenient “Alert” to stay updated, via email, in case of new documents inserted.

But there is more!

Open the “drop-down menu” (where the three lines are, “the hamburger bottom” in short!) At the top right:

From here you can access several items to optimize your Google Scholar

You can change the email (which, by default, is the one linked to your Google profile)

Areas of interest

The Web site

And lots of other personal information

By clicking on “My library”, however, you can save all the results of the SERP saved by clicking on the star-shaped icon under each single item.

Beautiful, is not it? Remember that you also have the “Settings” item that you need to better manage the number of results presented per page.

As you can see it is easy to use, you just have to do a little bit of healthy practice.

Here are some tips about it:

  • If you are carrying out a generic search (eg verbal communication), be guided by the advice that appears in “related searches” so as to get deeper into the topic
  • If the problem is inverse, ie the search results are too specific on a single topic, go to the “References” section where you can broaden your search circle with more general topics on the topic
  • If you want to deepen a quote go to “Cited by …” and that’s it
  • Do more research, take advantage of Scholar’s potential. Get inspired by the process
  • If you have the author of the document, write his name and surname directly and you will know everything about him.



  • You will certainly waste much less time in research, travel, libraries
  • You have a search engine designed to obtain all the scientific and academic material useful for your degree thesis


What’s more: the indexed results also include articles taken directly from the world’s most authoritative scientific publisher, Elsevier

This enhances the goodness of the Scholar project: clearly the universities and academies of science will decide which type of documents or papers can be consulted: in these cases, there may also be payments to Google Scholar to release and authorize access to the materials in question. This does not change for us because Scholar is an absolutely “free” search engine, however, it should be noted, it is not certain that everything can be consulted for free and freely.

Don’t panic though:

Google Scholar will always offer you available copies free from any form of restriction.

Of course, universities and academic institutions can also establish links with Google Scholar to make their books available.

There is another aspect to consider. If you want to publish your thesis on Google Scholar you can do it!

  • Register and create an account
  • Fill out the form and enter the information relating to your business
  • Add the material and articles you intend to share

From the “Settings” item you can indicate:

  • How many results should appear per page
  • If you want the results to appear on a new page
  • If you want links to the original libraries to appear

Are you ready? Register, create your account, and use this formidable search engine to write the perfect degree thesis!

If you still need help with writing your thesis, contact us for advice. We are available every day of the week! Ask for online writing help.  


thesis hypothesis


Have you ever thought of adding value to your degree thesis by formulating hypotheses? This is an experimental technique for writing your paper: it’s interesting, it can make a difference, and even if it takes a little longer than usual, it’s worth it. How to formulate a hypothesis and validate it?

Follow us carefully…

The hypotheses in a degree thesis (three-year or master’s degree makes no difference) can be a real secret weapon for the perfect construction of your paper.

Why is a thesis hypothesis important?

Because they can give more order to the thesis and replace the sub-questions. 

Let’s start from the beginning…

The hypotheses are the initial conditions on which we want to reason, they are purely arbitrary and have no reason to be proved. The thesis is the consequence of the hypotheses, in a theorem every time the initial conditions described in the hypotheses occur then the thesis also occurs.

Starting from this assumption, it is clear that this is a useful preliminary study that aims to simplify your life and go straight to the goal!

And then…

  • Choose a specific topic for your degree thesis, so it will be easier to understand questions and, therefore, hypotheses to be evaluated.
  • Let us always be supported by our supervisor. We will need it to optimize times and avoid getting confused.
  • Take the time to research online – you’ll find numerous articles and studies that can direct you to a well-defined topic. If you want to rely on certified documents, use ” Google Scholar “
  • Another useful way is to organize preliminary interviews
  • Always remember to plan everything: try to hypothesize the timing of writing the thesis, especially now that you are working on hypotheses.

Important tips for your thesis hypothesis

  • Always remember to conduct preliminary researchso as to poke around any doubts at the beginning. Always focus on the theoretical information you used for the introduction and for the paper problem.
  • Don’t get confused and remember that the main question of your dissertation must not be and never will be the hypothesis. It is important not to get confused: therefore, remember that the hypotheses, at most, can take the place of the sub-questions.
  • Always formulate your hypotheses and choose the ones that stand best and that really serve for the realization of your degree thesis.
  • To make it easier for you, always create a conceptual framework and use it as a starting point for your research. By doing this you will always be able to have a ready and updated picture of your results.

The hypotheses, once formulated, must be tested. Only in this way will you be able to understand if they are right for you, if they are correct and if they are really useful to you. Who will confirm it? Your speaker! If the hypotheses are correct, they will find consent starting from him.


If you still need help with writing your thesis, contact us for online thesis writing help. We are available every day of the week!


thesis abstract


Your thesis deserves the best.

For this reason, we will evaluate all the steps together to leave no stone unturned. We know a lot about the summary, the collection of resources, and the bibliography, but perhaps we do not know much about the abstract of the thesis.

What is a Thesis Abstract?

The abstract of the degree thesis is a very short summary of the complete work you have done and serves to summarize the most important points of your degree thesis:

  • Choice of topic
  • Methodology identified for your thesis
  • Final results

Where to write a thesis abstract

It is present in all degree theses and is always the first part that is read.

Here are ten practical tips for writing an abstract and making your dissertation complete.


An abstract is not an essay or blog post or your favorite social media post. Certainly, there will be specific requirements regarding length and style: to be sure of this, talk to your supervisor and pay close attention to the initial settings that have been given to you for the construction of your thesis. In case the guidelines you have received provide for certain limits, I must abide by this directive.

The standard word limit for an abstract is between 150 and 250 words.


You can evaluate two different types:

  • The descriptive (usually for shorter abstracts) summarizes the work done and aims to cite the purpose, methods and scope of the research in no more than 100 words
  • The information (for the more articulated abstracts), in addition to the characteristics of the descriptive, additionally have the results and conclusions and, therefore, can even reach 250 words

How do you figure out which one is right abstract for your thesis? 

It depends! The two types of abstracts have the same purpose but diverge in components. You don’t want to choose the wrong type and leave important points for your paper on the road. There is also a third type of abstract, less common but still effective: the critic . In this case you will have to dedicate yourself to giving a critical cut to the comment of the work done.


An important question to ask before writing an abstract is:

Who will read it? Important question that changes based on the quality of your readers. Always consider your audience and adapt your writing in such a way that readers can easily understand the idea behind your work. Keep in mind that professionals are always looking for new stimuli and focus a lot on the abstract of a paper.


When writing your abstract always remembers that there are four points to develop in order to hit the mark:

  • Because you have decided to dedicate yourself to this research
  • Why it matters to you and what the reader might care about
  • How did you carry out the research and what results it achieved
  • Because whoever reads it should dedicate time to it

Nothing impossible, in short, just makes order and be honest and you will be able to achieve this goal.


This is a very important aspect of your abstract because you always have to define the purpose of your research. Remember, then, that it is important that the research has a key element or topic to be absolutely mentioned in the abstract of your degree thesis.

  • Mention the sources you used
  • Talk about your approach to research
  • Talk about the evidence you can provide to address your arguments and motivations


It is tremendously harmful, I know it is less tiring but it does not pay. Remember that you are a researcher and you must be credible in everything you do and produce.

  • You have to create an unpublished text and you don’t have to reduce yourself to creating a collage made up of senseless sentences and without any logical connection.
  • The text must be interesting and captivating.
  • Use different synonyms and words
  • Structure sentences differently and avoid hyperbole and redundancy
  • Be careful not to let yourself go “too far” and not to cite sources or studies not mentioned in your paper
  • Do not “fool” the reader with expectations that they will not find in the contents
  • Never give definitions or explanations in the abstract, this is not the time!


Even if your abstract is short, it should always follow the guidelines of writing an essay

  • Introduction
  • Body
  • Conclusion

It’s not just about what you write; it’s also about the way you write it. Avoid ambiguity and follow a sensible line of writing.


You know well how an Internet searches works, perhaps using a search engine like Google . Why don’t you do the same with your thesis? It is necessary to add at least five keywords from your abstract in order to give the possibility to those who will be looking for your topic to get there more easily.

  • Try to guess what people might be looking for
  • Make an effort to display your work at the top of the search results
  • Keywords can influence readers’ judgment, just as it happens to us when we search for something on the Net


  • Always remember that an informative abstract should explain what conclusions you have drawn from your research and, if the problem you started with has been answered.
  • Also remember that your abstract, even if informative, must be compact and concise and must explain the general meaning and importance of the research you have done.


The mistake is always around the corner, even within a 100 or 250 word documents. Remember it!

Check your text several times to correct grammar and spelling, check the formatting. A good method could be to have the paper reviewed by another person: the supervisor, for example. Surely he will be able to find small errors that escape us.

An expert opinion is essential to make sure everything goes right!

If you still need help with writing your thesis, contact us for advice. We are available every day of the week!


thesis interview


A degree thesis changes according to the type of work you intend to submit. For example, an experimental thesis, many times includes a thesis interview. Writing it may seem tiring; perhaps more than expected but the rewards are certainly greater. Why? Because the experimental thesis is really yours, it is your in-depth and unpublished research; it is something that comes from your ideas.

To make it captivating and of a high level, you will have to extricate yourself from surveys, experiments and analyses and, fundamental point if you really want to do a memorable job you have to inform yourself and you have to take data from the experts in the sector.

There is a tool to optimize everything: thesis interview.

But be careful: it is not a simple dialogue made up of questions and answers with an interlocutor! The thesis interview requires:

  • Preliminary study
  • Preparation 
  • Pay attention to the formulation of questions

The address of the degree thesis is not decisive: the interview for the thesis has the same approach and makes no difference if we are talking about the economic and marketing area, the communication area, and the humanities, mathematics or statistics area.

Interesting right? Here is some useful information for you on how to conduct a correct interview for your degree thesis.


Before anything you need to prepare in detail:

  • Do not waste time
  • Go to the appointment ready and prepared
  • Collect as much information as possible on the subject
  • Referred to authoritative sources, databases and reliable material that you can also retrieve online (eg Google Scholar)

After this first phase, you can dedicate yourself to choosing the interviewee for your experimental thesis. In this case it is necessary to evaluate:

  • The person’s profile (if it is suitable and useful for your research work)
  • His skills
  • His knowledge on the subject
  • His potential exhaustive answers (if something is not clear to you, deepen with further questions but always get to the goal!)

Immediately afterwards you will have to concentrate on information gathering work: it will be your task to understand what is really useful and what you can “cut” from the interview.

To do a good job it is very useful to know in advance the person to be interviewed or, at least, to get as much information as possible and plan the right questions. In this way

  • You will immediately find the best approach
  • You will focus on the issues to be elaborated

In order to succeed, it will be very important to focus on the questions. What should we ask for? How?

Do not forget that, in order to carry out a useful interview, you must be unpublished and original and, therefore, you must read up on any works similar to yours, so as to avoid inserting in your experimental thesis topics already covered previously by some other graduate student.

Identifying new themes is not difficult and it is also very stimulating: think of the enormous amount of themes that have been treated with superficiality or marginality and that are of particular interest to you!

It is advisable to ask the interviewee specific questions, so do not be satisfied with bringing home generic answers and insist on having as much information as possible on the topic in question.


There are two types of questions in a thesis interview: open and closed.

  • The open questions are the most interesting ones because they stimulate numerous answers, more articulated and complete and, consequently, give more space to answer the interviewee. It is from these ideas that your experimental thesis can become original!
  • The closed questions will lead you to concise but still useful and certified answers. From these questions you can, for example, elaborate your own concept because you start from a certainty that the interlocutor gave you.

Obviously get ready for improvisation! Oh yes, because the interviewee won’t answer the letter and respect your schedule! And it is precisely here that an unclear answer could penalize you, therefore, cheer up and always ask for more information about it!

With a lot of work like this you will have an interesting final result! Remember that, at this point, it becomes decisive in knowing how to rearrange everything and integrate the results for your experimental thesis. The data and information provided by the experts must support personal analyzes, research and experiments, and vice versa.

Let’s close with some practical thesis interview advice:

  • Always ask simple, fluid questions, especially in the beginning
  • Put the interviewee at ease, connect with him
  • Make the interview enjoyable and don’t give any signs of nervousness or rush. If you are there it is because you need to acquire information, take your time.
  • Ask balanced and logical questions
  • The ideal is not to exceed 8-10 questions
  • You have to be clear, make yourself understood!
  • Useless and distracting turns of phrases should be avoided.
  • Ask for permission and record everything: a little something can escape you and you can calmly rework it at home

Now you know exactly how to do a thesis interview so all you have to do is start setting up the questionnaire and collect the data necessary to develop the thesis.

You now have all the information on the thesis interview to best work your experimental thesis.



qualitative and quantitative research

Qualitataive and Quantitative Research


Writing a perfect dissertation involves a lot of evaluations. Occasionally your supervisor asks you for updates and will discuss the settings and how the writing is progressing with you. Surely this question will also happen to you in the race: “Try to do quantitative research on this topic” or “Here, focus on qualitative research” But what does it ever mean? Don’t worry, that’s what we’re here for!

We assume that qualitative and quantitative research is two complementary ways to associate in your thesis and serve to obtain in-depth and analytical results. For these two methods to produce the best results in your surveys, it is important to understand the differences between them. Let’s analyze them together.

Differences between qualitative and quantitative research

Qualitative research:

  • Collects information on motivations, thoughts and attitudes
  • Serves to deepen some issues
  • Enriches the thesis with impressions, points of view, opinions
  • Goes deep into the topic of your thesis
  • It doesn’t just collect and classify information

Quantitative research:

  • Provides figures
  • Map the overall points of the thesis
  • Collects “naked and raw” information
  • Collects the figures
  • Processes statistical data
  • Processes structured data

From this first reading clear information comes out about it. You can’t go wrong:

  • Qualitative research can give your thesis a touch of “personalization” and characterization of the same
  • Quantitative research will give you an overview of your dissertation

How to distinguish between qualitative and quantitative research

Nothing difficult, in short, just distinguish the two methods without forgetting that one does not exclude the other, indeed, they go in perfect symbiosis!

How are Qualitative and Quantitative used? And when?

Let’s imagine, during your degree thesis that you have to formulate a hypothesis. In this case, qualitative research is perfect because:

  • Will give you detailed information on the subject
  • It will analyze what the problems, advantages, opportunities and risks are


Here’s how you can set up your qualitative research

  • Step 1:Indicate how many sources (interviews, testimonies on the topic) you have acquired and how you reported them on the thesis
  • Step 2:Discuss the results obtained and, to do so, start from the list of topics you have covered for your research
  • Step 3:Highlight the elements related to each topic you have worked on and explain why these elements are important in your research
  • Step 4:Briefly explain why you arrived at those results and what their role is within the topic
  • Step 5:Take a step back and review everything: in this way you ensure the connection between the various topics (everything must flow and make sense!)
  • Step 6:What is left over, don’t throw it away! Maybe add an appendix

Here is an example: 

“Is the trap a musical phenomenon or an art form? Of the young people interviewed and invited to respond to this survey, the majority wanted to clarify that trap is not a sub-genre of rap but a very specific musical genre. It would be reductive to consider trap a sub-genre of rap because various aspects related to the use of the bases, rhymes, verses have been considered. An enthusiast of the genre added that “The trap has a very specific message that (… ..) is distinguished from American rap (…) because it has as its characteristics the (… ..) and right here the (….) etc .etc. ” So trap is a precise musical genre that derives from traditional rap, has those bases and that social idea but differs from the messages and the historical period etc. ”


Let’s move on to analyze the quantitative research method: 

  • Step 1: Explain how the analysis of the topic was born and how it was addressed
  • Step 2: Demonstrate the results of the analysis with numbers and facts: use simple language
  • Step 3: Discuss the results of the analysis
  • Step 4: Create Sub-questions Step
  • Step 5: If you find it effective, to your liking, insert figures (graphs, tables etc.) if they give value to the research: you don’t have to explain the point by point but you only need them indicatively.
  • Step 6: As with qualitative research, double-check everything!

You now have an extra weapon to finalize a flawless degree thesis. Good job!

If you still need help with writing your thesis, contact us for advice. We are available every day of the week! Ask for online assignment help services.



thesis writing



Thesis writing is not just research and work. Very often there are many doubts and you are not sure if you have achieved an excellent result. No fear, you are in the right place: in this article, you will find useful information on how to get professional help to prepare your degree thesis.

First of all, however, we need to know, which are the useful steps to have a very respectable paper:


  • Selection and acceptance of topics
  • Preparation and acceptance of a sketch
  • Collection of literature
  • Preparation of primary research
  • Preparation of a thesis
  • Edit, stylization
  • Control
  • Possible repairs

It takes a lot of research and a lot of organization. Don’t despair though; there are many ways to get to the finish line. It is certainly not wrong to ask for help and contact a professional: everything can be done but you must also know that it is an exclusive and meticulous job and compensation must be recognized to the professional.

Is it worth it?


Of course yes and we will explain why:

A professional does not improvise but will do what is requested and will take steps to guarantee you and deliver you a job with all the trimmings!

A specialized writer:

  • knows his trade
  • has mastered the subject
  • he knows the resources and has an idea where to get them
  • it is constantly updated
  • he knows the amount of work and has organization
  • has the experience and, therefore, will work in short times different from yours

But most of all:

You will have to deal with a professional and the material that will be delivered to you will be exclusive, of excellent quality, and will increase the percentage of having a great grade!

You will have all these advantages and you will be able to concentrate on the aspects you like most about your job: does it seem too little?

Yes, ok, we convinced you but now you are wondering:

How much does professional thesis writing help cost?!?

There are several ways to price thesis-related services, but each provider takes the following into account:

  • Level of study
  • Language
  • Purpose
  • Deadlines
  • Research specialization


These are the general guidelines but it may also happen that some professionals approach the issue in other respects.

For example, let’s analyze individual suppliers , i.e. those who are not part of any work team.

  • They base their remuneration on the topic of the thesis
  • They are specialized and, therefore, their level of preparation on the topic to be treated in the degree thesis varies from topic to topic

If a writer specializes in nursing and your thesis is in this area, it is normal for delivery times to be reduced. As well as the theme: if it is an experimental or three-year thesis the cost is lower, if it is something more complex and articulated it changes the subject.

And so on.

The question rightly arises as to whether there is a basis for this price difference or whether it is advisable to turn to a service provider who alone claims to be competent in all matters?


This changes if we rely on larger service providers who have a large database of writers on their team.

The big realities evaluate:

  • The volume of work
  • They have a customer management
  • They offer quality service on a standard price
  • They do not need to evaluate the types of assignment but act regardless
  • In the team, there are qualified writers of any subject
  • Many writers deal with their subject and therefore work quickly and professionally
  • The length can be calculated in number of characters, words or pages
  • The page number should be understood as the number of pages of content, so you don’t have to pay separately for the cover, table of contents, links, figures and attachments

But there is another aspect that should not be underestimated: in some companies, customer service first requests a quote from a professional writer and, only after evaluating skills and availability, sends a response to the customer.

It is also necessary to always take into account the payment methods and delivery times. In most cases, service providers require an advance to start work.

How much? Usually, a figure fluctuates between 20% and 30%.

There is a risk to consider: the document for your dissertation may also not be completed because until you have a contract between you and the service provider or have received a down payment for the job, you have not made any commitment formal to produce the document.

Our advice when you ask for professional help for writing your thesis:  always rely on highly qualified people who work for official and certified realities.

  • Use only official services
  • Order your service from recognizable websites
  • Avoid email addresses offered by free providers (e.g. Gmail or yahoo)
  • Always ask for an invoice for the amount paid
  • Avoid cash payments

An online service cannot be officially sold without the terms of use

In short… .your professional must not disappear into thin air!

Do you want to know how our company works? Contact us or ask for a free quote!


thesis conclusion

Thesis Conclusion – How to Write it

Congratulations, a really nice job! Your thesis is almost ready, you have reached the last step and you don’t want to ruin everything on the best. Yes, because the thesis conclusion is crucial for presenting an enviable product to the highlight of your university career.

Calm and focus!

We are here for this and, as we did for the introduction, here are some good tips to best write the conclusion of your degree thesis.

Rule number one: 

  • The conclusions are the perfect embroidery of your thesis.
  • Let us remember that the reader is committed and, carefully, has read pages of studies, research and analysis and has come to conclusions.
  • The main objective is to resume what, in a certain sense, was the initial goal of your degree thesis.

What are the differences between thesis conclusion and introduction?

The conclusion of your thesis must be calibrated on the basis of what was stated and reported in the introduction. The introduction and conclusion are like brothers; they look alike but have an abysmal difference:

  • In the introduction, you took the reader by the hand and led him to the first chapter
  • In the conclusion you have to reveal the core of the speech, you have to say where you wanted to go.

In short, empty the bag but do it with style and logic without losing the connection with the rest of your work.

Of course, the thesis should be concluded based on the type of work you have developed. 

  • If your supervisor has entrusted you with a degree thesis with an “experimental” topic, you cannot go wrong: in the conclusions, you must emphasize and enhance the synthetic picture of the results achieved.
  • No repetition but great attention in highlighting the salient aspects, arguing, and enhancing them.

A piece of advice: the gift of synthesis and a few turns of words that risk diverting attention from your real goal.

If your degree thesis is descriptive or monographic, then, just like a good book, it enhances the food for thought and any critical issues or opportunities that have emerged. Always show personality and motivate your conclusions, make it clear that you have written all this because this is exactly where you wanted to arrive.

In short, courage!

By doing so, all topics will have been properly treated. We just have to shore up the conclusions with a gem:

  • Add a plus, that is, leave a sort of “door open” and also insert topics that you would have liked to highlight more close to the main ones.
  • Make it clear that you want to continue to deepen the theme of your degree thesis, perhaps in future collaboration.
  • There is no need to be presumptuous, but highlight the potential of your work and the consequent results achieved that can be useful for the professionals.

That’s all? Wait, I’m not done. Don’t want another help for your degree thesis?

Since we are growing fond of your work here is what you absolutely must not do in the conclusions.

  • First of all, avoid repetitions and redundancies

For example:

  • Do not deal with the topics listed at the beginning of your degree thesis again (titles of the chapters, insights already worked on previously)
  • Your supervisor will thank you because he will have to reread everything and expects fresh, new and unpublished conclusions, not flashes of arguments taken here and there from the thesis
  • Repeating titles and topics again would only give the impression that you want to stretch the content because you don’t know what to write.

If repetitions are harmful, summaries are even more so. I understand, it is difficult and the temptation is strong but if you can avoid it then you have done a great job.

Don’t forget that conclusions are crucial: 

  • Do not stretch the broth
  • Don’t write so much to fill them up
  • Weigh your words well and stay focused
  • I brought you this far because the third mistake to avoid is the length
  • There is nowhere written the thesis must necessarily be long
  • The rule is less quantity and more quality, especially in the conclusions

Watch out for another very common trap in the thesis conclusion: 

  • Do not judge but leave room for in-depth analysis. Curiosity is the basis of a good degree thesis.
  • Then be careful not to “limit” your work.
  • Describe what findings-based observations can be made, always keeping an advisory tone.
  • Be careful not to denigrate the entire research project
  • You do not have to provide a list of mistakes made

Finally, watch out for thanks! You are in the wrong place!

Thanks are important and deserve a special page that you can insert, to your taste, in the beginning, on the title page, or after, I said later, the conclusion.

If you still need help with writing your thesis, contact us for advice. We are available every day of the week! Ask for help from our professional thesis writers.




Among the fundamental steps for your perfect degree thesis, bibliography and sitography deserve a place of honor.

But what are Bibliography and Sitography?

Let’s get to know them more closely.

By bibliography, we mean a list of all the sources that we consult for the elaboration of our degree thesis

  • Books
  • Essays
  • Official documents
  • Library documents
  • Articles
  • Etc

The bibliography and you can well understand it, is a crucial step able to optimize our work: it is the strength, the fundamental component of the thesis, so it is important to write it in the right and most complete way possible.

By sitography , on the other hand, we mean a list of telematic sites related to a specific topic

The site links , therefore, is nothing more than the ‘ set of “digital” results of your thesis that you have consulted and have found useful for the preparation of your work. You can well imagine that the website, with the enormous opportunities that the Internet allows us, becomes of fundamental importance.

Having made this necessary premise, let’s look deeper intor the use of these two precious components of your perfect thesis.

First, however, remember that the website must be inserted, within your thesis, immediately after the bibliography.

The bibliography

You must know that there are various ways to write an engaging and professional bibliography. There are some key points that you must respect:

  • The texts consulted must always be inserted in the progressive order in which they appear cited in your work

Enter the number corresponding to the bibliographic entry, in brackets, where reference will be made to a text. 

  • The bibliography will not be in alphabetical order
  • It will not be necessary to report sources as footnotes

Let’s take some examples!


UNHCR Global Trends’ annual report, released two days before World Refugee Day on June 20, reveals that an unprecedented 79.5 million people were on the run at the end of 2019. UNHCR had never recorded such a high figure (1).

The annual increase, compared to the 70.8 million people on the run recorded at the end of 2018, is the result of two main factors. The first concerns the new worrying crises that occurred in 2019, in particular in the Democratic Republic of Congo, in the Sahel region, in Yemen and in Syria, the latter now in its tenth year of conflict and responsible for the exodus of 13.2 million refugees, asylum seekers and internally displaced persons, more than a sixth of the world total. (2).


(1) The Un Ref. Agency, Global Trends UNCHR. Rome: Unchr Italy report – EDIT 2018: 23-25

(2) Surname and name pointed to the author, title – eg. part one Unchr World – publisher name, period or year, pages from to.

If the text is cited several times in your degree thesis, just report the corresponding number.

If it’s not clear let’s recap:

  • surname of the author followed by the pointed name (eg. Ligabue L.)
  • title and subtitle of the book in italics ( The night before the exams: emotions before the big day )
  • place of publication: to be inserted on the back of the title page, where the publisher and the date of publication must be added (eg Turin)
  • Publishing House (eg. Feltrinelli Editore)
  • date of publication (e.g. February 1987)

Result: Ligabue L., The night before the exams: emotions before the big day, Turin, Feltrinelli Editore, February 1987.


However, there are some special cases that you need to evaluate:

  • If the work you cited has multiple authors
  • If you need to cite an article published in a magazine

In the first case follow this pattern:

  • surname and dotted name of the authors arranged in alphabetical order (based on surnames)
  • title of the book in italics
  • city ​​of publication
  • publishing house
  • year of publication

In the second case it will be sufficient to do this:

  • surname and dotted name of the author of the article
  • article title in italics
  • magazine title in quotation marks and preceded by “in”
  • annuity (indicated with “a.” and in Roman numerals) and magazine number (indicated with no. and in Arabic numerals)
  • publication date

Seen? It just takes a lot of attention. Nothing impossible! you can do it

The sitography

To have, within your thesis, an enviable website, it is necessary to keep in mind some passages and small schemes that are easy to respect.

If we want to include a website within the website:

  • Author surname and author’s dotted name followed by a comma.
  • Site title and subtitle in italics and separated by a period and followed by a comma.
  • Website address followed by a comma
  • Date of consultation of the site and final point


Rossi M., La Stampa,, accessed on 12/08/2020.

If we want to use articles from digital magazines:

  • Author’s surname and first name with comma
  • Title of the article in italics with comma
  • Journal title in quotation marks and commas
  • Annuity indicated with “a.” and in Roman numerals
  • Magazine number indicated with n. and in Arabic numerals
  • Date of publication and interval of pages consulted
  • Article URL and point


Bianchi M., The contemporary museum and the new arts, in “Exibart”, a. X, May 2020, pp. 4-8,, accessed on 25/08/2020.

If we want to use articles from an eBook we use the same scheme of the bibliography with the only addition of the URL and the date of consultation


Leonardi S., Il COVID-19, research of factors and causes, casaccess, 2020, sl, 130 p., Https:// cause-ebook-simone-leonardi / e / 9817878782, accessed on 10/12/2020.

If we want to use articles from a web page:

Alessi MP, Geografia, La Repubblica, updated on 12/10/2020,, accessed on 15/12/2020.

Finally, for the blog , follow this procedure:

Travaglio M., Il Fatto Quotidiano, Ebook, Italian politics difficult historical moment, article date 16/01/2020, updated on 06/03/2020, -bla-bla-bla / 5549130 /, accessed 06/11/2020.



Now you have all the information to work your degree thesis in the best possible way and provide it with an enviable bibliography and website.

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Smart working, remote work, remote work, online jobs. How many times have you heard of these new opportunities but have never had the opportunity to deepen the discussion? This article is made especially for you. You will discover how you can work from the comfort of your home, or in your favorite location or even work while traveling. It is not a dream; you just need a good connection and a good computer to guarantee your professionalism. Here are the online jobs for students also in lockdown:


Online course teacher

If you feel strong and prepared on a subject, if that foreign language is your passion, if you have complete mastery of your hobby, I will let you know: you have found a job!

There are many online platforms, training schools and specialized sites that are looking for professionals or enthusiasts ready to get involved and ensure competence and quality at the service of the public.

What do you need? To be credible and show confidence to your students. Prepare your lessons first, create a work schedule and interact a lot with your students: make sure you guarantee continuity and time availability. It will be fun, after years of learning, to be “on the other side of the fence”.


Radio speaker

Did you know that there are several radio broadcasters looking for online speakers for home directories?

Creating a radio station is very easy: you need, in addition to the computer and the fast connection, a microphone (preferably condenser), a small mixer and, above all, software to broadcast your interviews: the most frequent programs are Speaker or Dj if you need to make video interviews then go for Streamyard. In addition to the technical component, a strong communicative gift is required, fluid and fluent voice and a lot of empathy.

Online Blogger

Having a blog is not a hobby but a refined and beautiful job. Indeed, if you know how to do it and have a minimum of competence in sharing and distributing your product on the Net (especially through social media), get ready, because your “online job” could become a full-fledged job. But be careful, it’s not easy!

It takes a lot of perseverance and a lot of self-denial. At first, avoid fancy flights and start with some collaboration, maybe follow a little tutorial and evaluate if you really like being a blogger.

You will be able to range on various topics. They include:

  • Travel,
  • Holidays
  • Fashion
  • Trends
  • Sport
  • Shopping
  • Diet
  • Fitness

Not bad right?



Can you speak and write English, Spanish, French, German or Italian? And if you can also speak Arabic, Chinese or Japanese then you have a golden dowry and you don’t know it! Languages ​​have always been the biggest obstacle to communicating: having an excellent command of at least one foreign language can make a difference. There are numerous platforms that are constantly looking for online translators with not bad pay! It would be a shame not to exploit this enormous potential you have.  

Online Influencer

It does not differ much from the logic of the blogger but, that of the influencer is not a simple online job. Today many things have changed, companies are constantly looking for valid influencers. But like all beautiful things, here too you need a lot of apprenticeship and competence to live on this. It is not easy but it costs nothing to try if you are prepared to do it. On the Net you will find many sites on the hunt for opinion leaders: initially it will be tough but if you like it then the fun is guaranteed.

Call center and customer assistance

Remember the rooms crowded with chairs, telephones, computers and headphones? They still exist, but several companies are considering a new frontier for customer assistance: remote work with a significant reduction in costs and better working quality of the employee. However, it is a “tough” job but, if you have the predisposition, it can be a good solution to raise a respectable salary.

Freelance journalist

The new frontier of journalism is here: nowadays only a few lucky ones still live on editorial and notebooks. This profession has totally changed and the “freelancers” collaborating for various newspapers ranging from topic to topic while still guaranteeing the utmost professionalism. To do this you need a minimum of writing technique, speed, attitude and “flair” for the news. A great opportunity for students who like to write jobs and are interested in or who know a particular field well. What do you say?

Social media manager

Social Media Manager: Are you particularly good with social media and do you know how to attract people and followers? There you are, you are in the right place. Today knowing how to use Instagram, Facebook, Tik Tok or Twitter professionally is a job in all respects. There are schools that teach this profession so it cannot be improvised also because the competition has become fierce over time. So you will need to have specific skills: designing consistent editorial plans, creating and optimizing payment campaigns, managing and moderating the community. Do you feel it? Job offers abound, all that remains is to throw yourself into the fray and get noticed!

Harvard Style

How to use the Harvard Style


In this article, we talk about the Harvard style. If you are reading this, it means that your thesis is almost ready. So beautiful. After having worked the chapters to the best we are at the bibliography. Here are some rules:

  • The bibliography will never be in alphabetical order
  • It will not be necessary to report the sources as you did with the footnotes
  • The consulted texts to be reported in the bibliography must be inserted in the progressive order in which they appear cited in the elaborate.
  • Inside the paper, insert, in brackets, the number corresponding to the bibliographic entry, where a text will be cited or referred to


(1) Rossi M; The cold war, causes, and conflicts between the USA and the USSR. Rome: Mondadori Editore – 2006: 92-95



It is nothing more than the reference in brackets for example “(Taylor 2020, p. 2)”.

It is, therefore, a style of citation in which partial citations are enclosed in parentheses and inserted within the text immediately after a sentence.

There are two reference styles in parentheses:

  • Author-date (if your dissertation is about science)
  • Author-title or author-page (if the thesis is in the humanistic or artistic field)

Hence, the Harvard style is often used in economics. A bit like the APA style, the Harvard style is also based on the author-date system: the two styles are very similar.

Having said that, we give space to examples and small differences that it is good to keep in mind for the construction of your degree thesis.



Now, do you need a period or a comma? Italics or quotation marks? What if there were two authors? Familiar questions, right? The annoying phase of writing the dissertation is the drafting of the finished text, one of the fundamental phases of which is the clarification of the references, the compilation of the bibliography. Of course, like so many institutions, there are so many different expectations, but fortunately there are a handful of rules set in stone that even the most insidious consultant cannot get involved in. One of these is the Harvard-like reference.


To help you navigate the in-text display rules and reference list, we’ve put together some important information and pages to help you learn more.


For a literal quotation it is sufficient to follow this procedure: (Taylor, 2002, p.23)

You will agree that it is enough:

  • Indicate the page number
  • In case of more pages insert – and write (pp. 24-25)

For a substantive quote do this: According to what Taylor (2002) wrote


  • Surname of the author
  • Initials and year
  • Publisher title
  • Place

And therefore: Taylor, S. (2020). Covid-19 in Latin America, Mondadori, Rome.

If you find yourself citing two or more authors:

  • For a literal quote: (Taylor and James, 2002, p.92)
  • For a substantive, non-literal quote: according to Taylor and James (2020)
  • For reference list or literature used: Taylor, B. And James, L. (2020). Covid-19 in Latin America, 2nd. Edn., Mondadori, Rome.


Remember that sometimes multiple authors have written the same document, so just list all three with the name of the primary author/publisher:

  • After a literal quotation in the text: (Rossi, Bianchi, Verdi, 2020, p.13) or (Bianchi et al., 2020, p.13)
  • For a substantial, non-literal quote: Rossi, Bianchi, Verdi (2020) argue that… or… management responsibility is limited (Bianchi et al., 2020).


For unknown, anonymous, or unauthorized works, you can refer to:

  • Organization name: (Romans, 2020)
  • Identification point: (lsm, 2020)
  • If you are faced with a book title that is not too long (Style Direction, 2020)



It is important that the title of the journal, not the title of the article, is in italics, and it is necessary to indicate exactly which year it is. Then:

Surname of the author, initial of the first year. (Year). Article title, magazine title, year, issue, page number. To say:

Rossi, D. (2018). La Guerra Santa, L’Internazionale, Vol.1, No.3, pp.45-47.

In the case of an unknown author, indicate the title of the journal, or if it is too long, indicate in the intertext link that it is known: (Management Today, 1999) or (Unknown, 1999), or for a non-literal quotation with content: ( Management Today, 1999, p.42) or (Unknown, 1999, p.42). For the reference list at the end of the text: Journal title (year). Article title, year of publication, page number.



Even in the case of electronic sources and the Internet, always try to use reliable and professional sources, which are preferably content that is retrievable and related to the author. Its format is Author’s surname, initials. (Year). Address – Publication institution – a place of publication, access/contact (exact URL), and date of use. That is Lavender, L. (1999). Role-playing game. Royal University, London. Available at: (read: July 27, 2003)

It is important not only to provide the base URL but also the exact address of the page, even if it is longer.

Now you have all the information on the Harvard style to better work your degree thesis and equip it with an enviable bibliography and sitography.

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