case analysis

case analysis A male infant was born with a birth weight of 1320 g to a 21-year-old mother. Initial newborn physical examination was consistent with 28 weeks’ gestation. The infant appeared phenotypically normal but he had significant cyanosis, with decreased muscle tone and poor respiratory effort. He required resuscitation and was placed on ventilatory support. What is the most probable cause of the infant’s respiratory disease? * Atelectasis Emphysema Hyaline Membrane Disease of Newborns Neonatal Pneumonia Sepsis What is true regarding the pathophysiology of the infant’s respiratory distress? * It is caused by deficiency of surfactant in immature lungs. It occurs more in premature infants. Membranes lining or filling the air spaces and blocking gas exchange appear glassy. The alveoli collapse. All of the choices

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